What is Stickler Syndrome?

 

Stickler Syndrome is regarded as a hereditary disease. It is a genetic disorder which is likely to affect the connective tissue. It usually affects the collagen and the individuals suffering from the Stickler Syndrome have significant and distinctive facial features. It is argued that this particular Stickler Syndrome affects only one out of the 7500 to 9000 newborns. However, the associated issues and problems, the types, causes and treatment options are discussed below.

 

Facial Appearance

A person’s face suffering from the Stickler Syndrome seem to be flattened in appearance. It is because of the bones which are not appropriately developed in the middle of the face. The cheekbones and the nose’s bridge seem to be flattened. An individual suffering from Stickler Syndrome might also have a cleft palate, glossoptosis, and micrognathia. Some of the individuals also have eye problems which become evident during the eye examination. In some of the cases, the problems in the eyes are so serious that it can even lead to blindness. The individual suffering from the Stickler Syndrome is also likely to have the breathing problems because of the distinctive facial features.

 

Joint Problems

 

The individual suffering from Stickler Syndrome is also likely to have the joint problems. The joint problems might occur from a very early age and are mainly because of the abnormalities in the skeleton which are likely to create an impact on the joints. The individual affected by Stickler Syndrome has loosened joints which are usually very flexible but with the passage of time and as the individual ages these joints become less flexible. People suffering from Stickler Syndrome also get arthritis which might begin very early. As a result of arthritis, they are likely to suffer from the stiffness and pain in the joints. They are also likely to get many spinal problems. All these joint problems are likely to be painful for an individual suffering from the Stickler Syndrome.

 

Cause of Stickler Syndrome

 

The cause of Stickler Syndrome is regarded to be because of genetic issues. It is also argued that a person who is suffering from this particular Syndrome is likely to pass it to their children, however, the chance of this happening is 50%.

 

Types of Stickler Syndrome

 

According to the researchers, the Stickler Syndrome is divided into six types which are Type I, Type II, Type III, Type IV, Type V, and Type VI.

 

– Type I: There is a risk of retinal detachment in Type I.

 

– Type II: There is a risk of eye abnormalities in Type II.

 

– Type III: Type III is usually regarded as the non-ocular Stickler Syndrome.

 

– Type IV, V, and VI: Type IV, Type V, and Type VI are usually considered rare and only a few individuals have been diagnosed so far with these Types.

 

Treatment

 

Various doctors and professionals are involved in the treatment of the Stickler Syndrome, for example, the speech pathologists, optometrists, audiologists, physical therapists, and many more. Parents can also use essential oils for anxiety in children as this is a stressful condition.